More T diversions coming, what about Zone 1A reform?
Parts of Boston deserve lower commuter rail fares
THIS WEEKEND, in a devastating demolition accident, the T came crashing down. A worker was tragically killed, the Government Center Garage partially collapsed, and shuttle buses are now replacing the subway downtown “until further notice.” Commuters across the city are charting circuitous paths to work and school and budgeting extra time to travel to and from their destinations. While the MBTA cannot restore service immediately, they can implement solutions throughout the system to ease the burden of the service disruptions, as Jeremey Mendelson of TransitMatters explored in his commentary entitled “T needs to step up its game on ‘diversions.’”
One solution he misses, however, is expanding Zone 1A fares for commuter lines servicing Hyde Park, Readville, Roslindale and West Roxbury.
Currently, residents of Boston’s Hyde Park, Roslindale, and West Roxbury neighborhoods must pay almost three times more than their fellow Bostonians to ride the train because their neighborhoods are not served by subway or light rail stops. Instead, residents have two transit choices: high-priced rides on the commuter rail or slow-moving buses that often get stuck in Boston’s notorious rush-hour traffic.
Unlike the subway and light rail lines within the MBTA, the commuter rail is priced depending on distance. Generally, the farther a station is from its terminal station, North or South Station, the more expensive it is to travel to and from there. However, according to the MBTA, commuter rail stations within metro Boston fall within Zone 1A – the inner-wrung of the commuter rail pricing map. Traveling between these stations and downtown costs $2.40 (the current price of a ride on the subway and light rail lines). And while passengers traveling to Fairmount Station in Hyde Park benefit from this subway-level fare, those traveling to Hyde Park Station, just an eight-minute walk away, must pay $6.50 for the same ride.
The current pricing system makes no sense. Why should Boston residents who lack access to subway and light rail lines pay nearly three times more than their fellow Bostonians for a ride into downtown? This is especially baffling because the Red, Blue, Green, and Orange lines all service cities and towns beyond Boston’s borders. Therefore, residents of Malden, Revere, Brookline, Newton, Somerville, Cambridge, Quincy, and Braintree all have access to affordable rail service, while folks in Hyde Park, Roslindale, and West Roxbury must either spend exorbitant amounts of time riding the bus or pay the high price of $6.50 per ride on their local line.
By excluding Hyde Park, Readville, Roslindale Village, West Roxbury, Highland, and Bellevue Stations from Zone 1A, the MBTA also exacerbates an existing environmental justice problem. Hyde Park and Roslindale are low-income neighborhoods with large populations of people of color and non-English speaking residents. These communities are classified as environmental justice neighborhoods because, historically, low-income neighborhoods and communities of color are targeted as dumping grounds for toxic waste and pollution-causing industrial facilities. By sending diesel-burning commuter trains through these neighborhoods while keeping the prices unaffordable to residents, the MBTA perpetuates this problem and deepens inequity.
Furthermore, transit is an important tool in the fight against climate change. However, charging people $13 daily to ride the train within their own city significantly limits ridership. Since Fairmount Station was designated as Zone 1A in 2012, ridership has tripled on that line. Therefore, lowering the price for commuters in Roslindale, West Roxbury, and the rest of Hyde Park would likely incentivize significantly higher ridership. This would offset pollution, reduce reliance on cars, and promote environmental sustainability in the city of Boston.
Though critics may claim that the proposed stations are too far from the city’s center to qualify for Zone 1A, the zone’s radius remains undefined. This is evident in the fact that Fairmount Station, currently within Zone 1A, is 8.2 miles away from South Station. However, Bellevue, Highland, West Roxbury, and Hyde Park stations are all within 8 miles of South Station, meaning that they are just as close, if not closer, to the city center. While Readville Station is 9.4 miles away from its terminal, it is in an environmental justice neighborhood. And just like their neighbors, Readville residents deserve an affordable rail option.As a Hyde Park resident myself, I am grateful to live within walking distance of Fairmount Station, but my neighbors throughout Hyde Park, and in Roslindale and West Roxbury also deserve affordable rail access. Now, as the MBTA grapples with the fallout from this weekend’s tragic accident, is the perfect time to ensure that the existing rail infrastructure serves significantly more Bostonians. By including all of Boston’s commuter rail stations in Zone 1A, the MBTA can expand equity, combat climate change, increase ridership, and mitigate the impacts of the downtown subway closures.
Corinne Thomas is a Hyde Park resident and a Master’s in Public Policy student at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University.