Time to plug gaps in Medicare coverage
Dental, hearing, and vision coverage should be added
A 72-YEAR-OLD woman went in for surgery to remove a brain tumor in 2019. The last thing she remembers before her surgery was a doctor putting her to sleep. When she awoke, she was missing her dentures, her glasses, and had no memory of how she got home.
Shortly after, the COVID-19 pandemic hit, and for a year thereafter she had no teeth or glasses.
Most seniors are surprised to learn that when they retire and begin to rely on Medicare for their health coverage, they are left without oral health care. In fact, of the 60 million Medicare beneficiaries, more than two-thirds don’t have any dental coverage at all. Medicare doesn’t cover vision or hearing health services either. Nearly half of all Medicare patients haven’t visited a dentist within the past year. Those numbers are closer to 70 percent for Black, Hispanic and lower-income Medicare beneficiaries. One in five rural seniors haven’t seen a dentist in the past five years.
Poor health coverage has unsurprisingly led to poor health outcomes. Poor oral health is directly linked to conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory illness, and even Alzheimer’s – all diseases that particularly impact our older citizens and put them at even greater risk of COVID-19.
As we work to emerge from this pandemic, we cannot ignore these gaps in coverage any longer. As we continue to negotiate a budget reconciliation proposal for working families, we’ll be fighting to make sure our seniors get the dental, hearing, and vision coverage they deserve as part of a strengthened Medicare program.
Closing gaps in this coverage will not only improve access to quality care, it will help save money in the long run. Currently, more than 2 million people visit emergency rooms each year due to oral health complications, many of whom could have been treated in a preventive, less-expensive primary care setting. One study identified $65 billion in medical savings over 10 years simply by providing dental and periodontal treatment through Medicare.
There is momentum to change the unacceptable status quo for our seniors. Earlier this month, the Senate pushed through a $3.5 billion budget resolution that included Medicare dental, vision, and hearing coverage. Sen. Ben Cardin of Maryland introduced legislation to guarantee Medicare coverage for dental health under Medicare Part B, which I’m proud to support. In the House of Representatives, Congressman Lloyd Doggett of Texas introduced legislation to include these benefits supported by an additional 75 members of Congress. President Biden has also proposed including these benefits during his campaign for president.
These policies are overwhelmingly supported by Americans from all demographics, regions, and political parties. According to a nationwide survey by CareQuest Institute, 93 percent of Americans supported the inclusion of dental coverage under Medicare. In a recent Morning Consult/Politico poll, 84 percent of voters – 89 percent of Democrats and 79 percent of Republicans – favored adding dental, vision and hearing coverage. Similar numbers supported allowing the federal government to negotiate drug prices. The need and support for these benefits to be covered under the Medicare program is crystal clear.
Strengthening Medicare to include dental, vision, and hearing is a no-brainer from a care, access, equity, and cost perspective. And it’s supported by, well, everyone.By closing this giant gap in our Medicare system, we’ll finally be building a path to a healthier future for our seniors and all those who have been left behind by a broken health system. This pandemic has presented us with enormous public health challenges, but it has also given us the opportunity to rewrite the book and recover stronger, healthier, and more equitable than ever before.
Edward Markey is a senator from Massachusetts and Dr. Myechia Minter-Jordan is the president and CEO of the CareQuest Institute for Oral Health.