Civics education needed now more than ever

Civics education needed now more than ever

Time to reverse apathy of young Americans

ACCORDING TO THE Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement, a nonpartisan research organization at Tufts University, only about half of registered voters aged 18-29 voted in the 2016 presidential election. The fact that half of young people who registered to vote — and a majority of young people of voting age — actively made the choice to not participate in one of the most contentious elections in modern memory should raise concerns across the country about how disconnected young people are from their political system.

Notwithstanding campaign spending of over $1 billion on the November election, because of the degradation of our political process, the character assassinations, and the rumors and innuendos, many people, especially younger voters, sat out the election. This means that the electorate was older and therefore less likely to be concerned about the future than would be the case if all sectors of the electorate voted in equal numbers.

Although there are many reasons for this dramatic and discouraging trend, we believe that the primary reason is the failure of public schools (and their private counterparts) to educate young people about their government. American history is not taught to the extent that it was a generation ago. Civics has all but disappeared from the curriculum. Young people may know more about who won the Super Bowl than who has a majority in the Senate. Surveys suggest that more young people can name the Three Stooges than can name even three justices (of the nine) on the Supreme Court.

We think there are a number of ways to help to improve the situation.

Number one is to encourage educators and administrators to bring civics education back into the classroom. Perhaps it need not be a full year course as was the case prior to and after World War II, but at least enough so that young people know the basics. This should be basic instruction in government so that people can be better citizens. And there are different models for doing so. In Finland, the great majority of sixth graders complete a civics simulation/education program called Me & My City. For comparison, Finland’s 2015 election saw 73 percent of voting age citizens getting out to vote. Compare that to the US where only 55 percent of voting age citizens cast ballots (a 20-year low). Massachusetts recently took a step in the right direction by announcing that it will soon be adding a social studies MCAS graduation requirement, which will incorporate civics education. While this step is welcomed, for civics education to have an impact on students it is important that it is always accessible and provides real-life tools to all students.

Number two, we should encourage programs such as Generation Citizen to work in the classrooms to supplement whatever public schools may or may not do.  Generation Citizen brings local college students (such as one of the authors) into primary and secondary school classrooms to teach civics education and then applies that civics knowledge by having students actively participate in a project to affect a civic-oriented issue in their community.

Number three, we should expand programs such as Boys State and Girls State, so that young people understand government just as many may now better understand the United Nations because of the proliferation of model UN programs across the country. The Boys and Girls State programs offer an extracurricular opportunity for students to learn more about government and to participate in a mock government system (complete with student mayors, student judges, and student lawyers).

Particularly after the recent election, many people are worried about the state of our political system and the trust deficit between the people and their institutions. However, it is important to remember that this nation has survived many crises going back generations. We have survived the resignation of a president, the impeachment of others, depression, wars, and an attack on our shores in 2001.

Meet the Author

Meet the Author

As a nation, we need to have a healthy and participatory electorate if we are to weather the storms that are likely to be facing us in the future.

Lawrence S. DiCara is a partner at Nixon Peabody and former president of the Boston City Council.  Patrick Reynolds is chairman of the Board of Selectmen in North Attleboro and a student at Providence College.  They are both graduates—more than 40 years apart—of Massachusetts Boys State, a week-long summer citizenship sponsored by the American Legion.

  • Mhmjjj2012

    OK, let’s take a minute to consider what’s going on in this commentary. If only about half of registered voters aged 18-29 actually voted in the 2016 presidential election then what’s the real problem? We have a political process where two parties and big money come up with deeply flawed candidates. I don’t blame anyone for not voting. I forced myself to vote in 2016…like I always do. What’s the point of that? And what’s with “Generation Citizen” a nonprofit that brings local college students into classrooms to teach civics education? Instead of CommonWealth setting aside space for commentaries like this, it’s time for a serious in-depth look at all these nonprofits trying to shoehorn their way into our public schools.

  • Mhmjjj2012

    Just a few days ago CommonWealth had a commentary about the necessity for arts in education and now this commentary on the need for civics. Is this part of a concerted effort to divert attention away from the need to fully fund the Foundation Budget, overhaul the charter school reimbursement formula and re-examine how charter schools are financed?

  • jeanabeana

    the MA Council for the Social Studies has been working on this problem through 2 governors now (and trying to get commissioner and BESE to response)… but it appears to me that Chester is saying “we will not do anything until you have a test to measure” and this is ridiculous He is so concentrated on his millions requested for tests and more computer to deliver tests. There are many recommendations from the MA Council for the Social Studies that have been cast aside and literally “shelved” and the excuse is always “we don’t have the money” then they find money to buy PARRC/Pearson tests and Chester spends his time going around the states to tell other states to buy PEARSON products and sign on with Jeb Bush. I have been saying years now we need an entire audit of the Chester operations and it should look into how many days he was out of state doing his hyper marketing for Pearson and how funds have been used through inter-state agreements for Pearson monopoly funded by Arne Duncan (Which was a total waste of precious R&D money).. but I only expect things to get worse now under this trump /devos combination — as the R&D money will go to give vouchers to family to send the student to a private school or a “christian evangelical school” … be vigilant… don’t 4expect this issue to get much better unless we do something within the state and become very active and very vocal.